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J. S. Inskip
J. S. Inskip Inc., 1937-1967; New York, New York
Associated Builders
Brewster & Co.; Rolls Royce Custom Coachwork

The history of J. S. Inskip Inc., Rolls-Royce, and Brewster & Co. are so intertwined, all three firm's histories are included below, starting with the period that Inskip first went to work for Rolls-Royce, in their Manhattan showroom.

John S. Inskip (1885-1961) was named after his grandfather, John S. Inskip (1816-1884), the famous evangelical Methodist preacher and founder of the National Camp Meeting Association for the Promotion of Holiness. He is one of the first evangelists associated with the “tent revival meeting” and was considered to be the Billy Graham of his time. Inskip wrote a number of books and pamphlets and has been the subject of a number of books.

Aside from that little tidbit, the younger Inskip's personal history is unknown, and remains a mystery. All that is known is that he entered the automobile business as a salesman for Locomobile's New York City distributor sometime in the late teens. From there he went to work at Rolls-Royce's posh Eighth Avenue and 58th Street showroom.

In 1925 Rolls-Royce and Brewster executives entered into negotiations which resulted in the purchase of Brewster in January of 1926. Rolls-Royce of America paid $202,000 in cash to the Brewster family, assumed a $1,400,000 in outstanding 5% bonds and further guaranteed the principle and interest on a 7% $400,000 seven-ten-year note owed by Brewster.  In return, William Brewster, was given a seat on the Rolls-Royce board and was appointed a vice-president of the Springfield manufacturer. He retired two years later in 1927, but remained a director until 1930. Brewster’s Fifth Avenue showroom was closed, as Rolls-Royce already had a beautiful showroom Eighth Avenue and 58th Street which was run by John S. Inskip, a former Locomobile salesman. Robert W. Schuette’s small 236 W. 5th St. Rolls-Royce distributorship was also absorbed by Rolls-Royce of America at the same time.

Willmore returned to the plant in Long Island City, and Carl Beck became Brewster’s chief designer as Henry Crecelius Sr. had left to head Lincoln’s body division. In a marginally related matter, Crecelius told Hugo Pfau that although Stutz had advertised in their 1925 catalog that their new Stutz 8 bodies were "designed by Brewster & Company," in fact Brewster had been involved only in the engineering of the bodies, not in their basic design which had been dictated by the automaker.

Many of the craftsmen from Rolls-Royce’s Waltham Avenue bodyworks were transferred to Brewster’s Long Island City plant to get body production going as soon as possible. New Rolls-Royce chassis were fitted with a temporary driver's seat and weather enclosure and driven from the Springfield works to Long Island City where the Brewster coachwork was fitted. Quite a few Rolls-Royces were sold through the 8th Avenue showroom, so many of the firm’s drivers returned to Springfield on the train.

With the integration of coachbuilding with chassis operations, Rolls-Royce of America, Inc. was able to add its own in­novation in marketing. Twenty-eight standardized body styles were offered to the public at prices substantially less than custom body costs. Delivery time was reduced and some of these models could be purchased off the showroom floor.

An undated Rolls-Royce brochure lists eight of Brewster's "Coachwork Innovations":

UPHOLSTERY - Between each fold of Brewster upholstery, a shell of fine curled hair is filled and rounded with soft swan’s down. The springs are firm at the front of the seat and the lower part of the back cushion; soft and resilient at the back of the seat and upper part of the back cushion. The armrests are not ornaments; they are long, wide and soft-a real comfort, designed to fit the arm and wrist. Note Brewster reading light, strong enough to read a time table.

EXTRA SEATS - A truly luxurious auxiliary seat. It is exceptionally wide, affording the ease of a library chair. It is carefully poised and is made with soft springs and deep cushions. Generous arms afford real support and relaxation. Note ample knee room, both for the occupant of the extra seat; and for one who sits back of it. Another type of extra seat installation is shown in the illustration of Clear Vision.

SKELETON TRIM - An interior treatment developed by Brewster in carriage days, for turnouts which were used informally in the country. The practice has been continued in motor cars, primarily used by gentlemen for sport requirements and wherever the informal utility motor is desirable. The upper framework of the body is exposed and carefully finished, while the panels are covered with leather fabric, matching the upholstery in colour.

VENTILATING WINDOW - A recent innovation by Brewster is this hinged "casement" window. It swings out and may be adjusted to afford complete ventilation of the compartment without draft

CLEAR VISION - Devised and developed by Brewster. Blind spots are completely eliminated. This light frame construction is pat­ented, and its features are practically impossible to imitate without introducing rattles, vibrations and structural weak­ness. The windshield is divided to allow the driver's panel to open. One type of extra seat installation is also shown in this illustration.

ADJUSTABLE FRONT SEATS - Another problem of personal comfort solved by Brewster. A motor operated by different persons may have sliding seats which are moved backward and forward by means of convenient levers and locked in place.

INTERIOR SUN SHADE - Brewster has successfully dispensed with the impractical sun visor. A shade in front of the driver, adjustable at any angle, gives protection with full vision and without reflection from the rear. It folds against the roof when not in use.

WIDE OPENING DOORS - It is a pleasure to enter and alight from a Rolls-Royce, due to the full door openings provided by Brewster. Doors are hung in a precise and thorough manner, affording con­tinued quietness without rattling or squeaking.

In 1929, John S. Inskip, head of Rolls-Royce New York sales office, was appointed vice-president in charge of sales and became the guiding force of the firm’s coachbuilding activities for the next few years. Along with Brewster’s designer, Carl Beck, the pair created some of the best looking Rolls-Royce’s ever built. The service department at Rolls-Royce’s Manhattan showroom was closed and the Long Island City plant became the sole New York City service depot for Rolls-Royce.

The December, 1928 issue of Autobody reported on Brewster’s 1929 New York Salon exhibit: 

"Rolls-Royce exhibits will be chiefly with Brewster coachwork, but there will be two cars with bodies by Walter M. Murphy Co. The Brewster coachwork will be on a 4-passenger "Speedster" phaeton; a town brougham, with canework aft of the door pillar; Wim­bledon 4-passenger coupe; Newmarket 4-passenger convertible sedan, with engine-turned finish on the top of the bonnet, cowl and moldings, the interior being trimmed with tan broadcloth and brown leather, and the fitments being done in hammered French bronze; Salamanca de Ville. 4-passenger "sport enclosed drive" with the interior done in Bedford cord seats and broad­cloth lining; St. Alban 7-passenger enclosed limousine with interior woodwork in greenish curly maple and bright green inlay matching cloisonne inlay in the green-­bronze hardware; a St. Stephen 7-passenger landaulet, with all-weather front; a Lonsdale 7 -passenger en­closed limousine. The sport phaeton by Murphy is trimmed with a combination of leather and Bedford cord. The disappearing-top coupe with rumble seat by the same builder has seats trimmed with Bedford cord and lining of Baronial-grain leather."

During this period, Brewster designed a series of bodies for the 1930 model 745 Packard chassis. Original built in series of 5 for Packard’s New York City distributor, they became quite popular and were eventually added to the Packard Custom body catalog. Over 300 examples are though to have been built and Inskip obtained a Packard dealership so he could sell the cars in his 8th Ave showroom. There were five models, a convertible sedan, 2 sedan-limousines, an all-weather cabriolet and an all-weather landaulet.

When Rolls-Royce’s Phantom II was introduced in 1929, it was assumed that the Springfield plant would be retooled to produce it in the United States. However, the Depression changed the economic situation in the United States, and by 1930 it became apparent that retooling the Springfield plant was no longer a possibility.

The November 1929 issue of Autobody described the Brewster-bodied Rolls-Royces that were scheduled to appear at the 1930 Chicago Salon:

"Eight Rolls-Royce cars, with coachwork by Brewster, will be exhibited ranging from formal town cars to flash­ing sport models for the younger generation. A feature of all the closed bodies will be the use of the slanting windshield and slanting front door windows which lower without gaping. The Regent, a 2/4-passenger convertible coupe, finished in tan and cream, with polished-aluminum moldings, is shown at the bottom of the page. Other exhibits include the Huntington; a 7-passenger enclosed limousine finished in black and green and trimmed with a green figured broadcloth; fittings are of green inlaid bronze and the cabinetwork of green stained burl maple inlaid with green stripes; the St. Andrews, a 7-passenger limousine in black and maroon, with brown broadcloth upholstery, mahogany trim and bronze fitments with red inlay; St. Martin, a 5-pas­senger brougham finished in dark and light brown, with cream striping, and trimmed with brown broadcloth; the Dover, a 5-passenger sedan finished in Oxford Blue and black, the upholstery being a brown Heathertone and the fitments of French bronze; the Newmarket, a 4-passenger convertible sedan; a special sport roadster, with polished-aluminum moldings, and the Ascot, a 4­ passenger sport phaeton The last is one of the most dashing in the exhibit; it is finished in gunmetal lacquer and has sunken moldings of polished aluminum running from the radiator shell to aft of the front doors."

Sales of the remaining Phantom I chassis floundered and only 100 Springfield Phantom I’s were sold during 1931, and they had been assembled from spares. 73 new Derby-built left-hand-drive Phantom II’s made their way to the US market that year and most were fitted with Brewster bodies. Designated the AJS and AMS Series, (the “A” prefix denoting their final destination, America), they were offered for sale at Rolls-Royce’s posh Manhattan showroom as well as the remaining factory outlets in Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Detroit, Los Angeles, Milwaukee, Montreal, Palm Beach, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, San Francisco, St. Petersburg  and Washington.

Brewster's exhibit at the 1931 Chicago Salon was described in the November, 1930 issue of Autobody:

"Rolls-Royce has scheduled four cars, with coachwork by Brewster, for its Chicago exhibit: A Newmarket, a 4-passenger convertible sedan, will be finished in the handsome gun metal lacquer introduced by Brewster in a previous Salon; the wheel disks will be in this finish with raised circular moldings in carmine; the belt line will be marked by a narrow molding of the same color. and carmine Velveau leather will be used for the upholstering.

The Huntington, a 7-passenger enclosed limousine, will be finished in Oxford Blue with black trim. The passenger compartment will have tan "heathertone" upholstery, a harmonizing rug and lap­robe, damascened bronze hardware with tan inlay and Karolith knobs matching the mahogany of the marquetry panels. The St. Andrew, a 7-passenger town car with all-weather front, is finished in two tones of brown with cream striping; the interior will be similar to that 6f the Huntington, but the upholstery is a brown broad­cloth and the cabinetwork is of walnut with scroll inlay of a lighter wood.

The other Rolls exhibit will be - if completed in time - a sporting convertible coupe with sloping windshield and complementary angle for the back edge of the door window and top; it will have a rounded boat-type rear with rumble seat for one; this job will be finished in Cairo Gray and Mojave Green; the fabric top will match the body color and the seats will be in Mojave Green Velveau leather.

The caption below accompanied an illustration of the convertible coupe in the same issue:

This sport convertible coupe on Rolls-Royce chassis was designed by Brewster for the "younger generation." It is suggestive of speed and dash. The wide door is occasioned by the peculiar shape of the window, complementing at the rear the angle of the windshield. A single deck seat is provided in the rounded boat-type rear. The New York job is being brought through in the interesting gun­metal finish."

A striking Super-Sport body was introduced by Brewster at the 1931 New York Salon that became known in the press as the Wind-Blown Coupe. It was featured in two issues of the New York Times - November 30, and December 7, 1930 - as well as in the 1931 Salon issues of Automobile Topics, Country Life, Autobody and Motor World.

New York Times: “The Rolls-Royce designers, departing from the square lines which are associated with their work, showed a four-passenger sport coupe with all its lines slanting from northeast to southwest, reading from left to right."

Country Life: "This car, being a Rolls, is of course long in the hood. Then comes a body that looks as though it had been blown to a slanting angle by high wind. The windshield, the doors, the windows, all slant. Inside the seats are tipped backwards, so that when you sink down into them you feel that you'd like to stay in them while somebody drove you about forever. Perhaps the most illustrative thing about it are the door handles. They are chromium, or silver, or something, but they taper to a point such as would spit a chicken. There isn't a 'gadget' anywhere on the car."

Automobile Topics: "The Brewster Rolls-Royce makes a startling new use of the sloping line. In past design it has not been unusual to find the sloping windshield, but sloping of the center post and back of top is a treatment that is unusual - and it may be added - effective. The practice of erasing the cowl line and terminating the hood at the windshield line also contributes much to the total effect produced by this body."

Autobody: “Interior views of the 4-passenger sport car built by Brewster on Rolls-Royce chassis. This car illustrates the extreme in the present tendency toward eliminating wind resistance. It is fin­ished in Sea Fog Gray, with white striping. The spare tire is carried in the tail, which is swept to harmonize with the sport-type fenders.”

Motor World: “A "land yacht" for would-be mariners. Twenty-one thousand dollars is the price of this Rolls-Royce coupe with a “Wind-Blown” body by Brewster. Even the seats are tipped comfortably backwards, causing one to wish never to do anything else but occupy them.”

Built on a Springfield Phantom I chassis, the car was built for Tommy Manville, an oft-married (13 times!) heir to the Johns-Manville asbestos empire who was the subject of Ernst Lubitsch's "Bluebird's Eighth Wife" a 1938 comedy starring Gary Cooper and Claudette Colbert. Manville was also lampooned in Jackie Curtis 1968 play called "Lucky Wonderful".

Manville's aerodynamic coupe incorporated the following of firsts for Brewster.

The first was the use of dropped body sills; the extra-wide body carried its doors and sills outside of the frame. This allowed the body to be mounted much lower to the ground creating a very aerodynamic contour.

The second was the total absence of a spare tire on the car’s exterior. Brewster mounted it inside of the body under a hatch in the tail of the car – known today as a trunk – again contributing to the car’s “art-moderne” appearance.

The third was the absence of a cowl. The hood – built using a modified Phantom II hood – extended from the back of the radiator to the base of the windshield.

The fourth was the forward tipping front passenger seat. In order to climb into the rear, the seatback was first folded foward, after which the combined cushion/seatback tilted forward against the dash, occupying the space were front seat passengers normally placed their legs.  

The car was Brewster’s most written about creation and it’s surprising that only one example was built, but perhaps that’s why it cost $20,000. Manville may have paid Brewster a premium, ensuring it would not be replicated. The car still exists although it’s no longer painted the original seafog grey, a grayish-green color that became popular in the early thirties.

In 1932, another batch of 100 Springfield Phantom I chassis were assembled from spares while 17 Phantom II chassis were imported from Derby.

For 1933 most of the remaining parts were used up, and 50 Springfield Phantom I chassis were assembled. Only 30 Derby Phantom II chassis were imported.

Members of the Brewster family held the $1,200,000 in 5% bonds on the Long Island City property, and in 1933 with interest payments and taxes greatly in arrears, they repossessed the property, waiving any accumulated interest and property taxes owed by the combined Brewster & Co./Rolls-Royce of America Corp.  This effectively ended Rolls-Royce’s North American manufacturing experiment. In order to avoid any stigma of bankruptcy having to be borne by Rolls-Royce, the corporation was reorganized as the Springfield Manufacturing Corporation in August of 1934, with Inksip installed as president. At that time, the firm major bondholders held a meeting and strongly recommended that the entire operation be liquidated. However, Inskip had an idea that might keep the firm going, at least for the short term.

During the previous year, E.T. (Bob) Gregorie, a former Brewster designer who was currently in charge of Ford’s design studios, designed an attractive V8 Ford-based roadster for Edsel Ford. With Edsel’s approval, a prototype was built and the resulting vehicle was shown to Inskip in the hopes of having Brewster put the car into limited production. Even though Inskip liked the design, Edsel Ford was unwilling to finance the venture and as Brewster wasn’t in the business of selling sports cars, the stillborn vehicle was driven back to Dearborn by Gregorie. The idea of a V-8 Ford-chassised vehicle appealed to Inskip, however, he envisioned it with a Brewster town car body, an item that might attract customers to Brewster’s empty New York showroom.

At the same time that Inskip was setting up Springfield Manufacturing Corp., he was also working on his new Ford-powered town car. Carl Beck, a former Rolls-Royce body designer who was now Brewster’s chief designer, was put in charge of the prototype’s design.

In a 1960 letter to automotive historian Keith Marvin, John S. Inskip recalled:

“The idea of the Brewster Town Car was on the principle of a fountain pen: that chassis parts, even the chassis itself, could be re­newed or replaced from time to time and still have a beautiful Brewster body which was worth more than the asking price of the car. While the basic idea was the use of the Ford lengthened by 15", it was also our thought that the same body could be used on all makes of chassis, and we did build it on the Lincoln, Cadillac. Buick, and other American chassis. In fact, we have one lady whose mother gave her a Brewster car and when her mother passed away she had the Brewster body, fenders, grills, etc. transferred to a new Rolls-Royce chassis and is still using it. The idea proved to be a good one and we met with considerable success. Before Springfield Manufacturing Corporation was dissolved we probably delivered around 300 cars. The cars were built at Springfield, Mass. The hubcaps were duplicates of the old Brewster hubcaps which read "Brewster & Company - New York City"

“Naturally, one or two people preferred a shorter car on the Ford chassis and we did build a few of those. Cunningham tried to build a duplicate of the car on a standard Ford chassis and did sell quite a few. One of the great advantages of the Brewster Town Car, however, was that the extra seats faced forward and there was probably as much room inside as any of the large cars, yet having the convenience of a short wheelbase.”

Although the cars had Ford drivetrains, they were registered as Brewsters, just like the Knight-engined Brewsters had been in the teens and twenties. Once completed, the cars were shipped to the Rolls­-Royce showrooms in New York City and sold for a list price of $3500.

From 1934-1936, three type of vehicles were produced using the same basic Carl Beck design. 90% of them were built on the lengthened Ford V-8 chassis and featured the distinctive flared front fenders, heart-shaped grille and split front and rear fenders. Most were town cars, but a fair number of limousines and convertible sedans were built as well, all featuring Brewster’s distinctive hubcaps. The remaining 10% fall into two distinct groups. The first were special budget-priced vehicles that were built on a standard wheelbase Ford V-8 chassis that featured a stock Ford grill, fenders and bumpers. It’s estimated that 12 of these “Budget Brewsters” were built. The second group consists of the bodies that were mounted on non-Ford chassis. There are factory photos of a 1936 Buick Limited Model 91 Town Car, whose current whereabouts are unknown. However, two others are known to exist. Number one is on a 1939 Rolls-Royce Wraith chassis, and the second is on a 1940 Buick Limited Model 90 chassis. As both chassis post-date the bodies, it’s believed that both bodies were originally on Ford chassis. Inskip recalled transferring a number of the Brewsters to other chassis, so that's likely what happened. 

The car was introduced at the 1934 New York Auto Show and attracted lots of attention, mainly because of its unusual styling and low price. Edsel Ford purchased the first example and Inskip marketed the car to New York celebrities through an ingenious plan. Al Jolson was the most recognizable celebrity in New York City at the time, and was an avid automobile enthusiast and collector. Inskip offered Jolson one of the new cars and Jolson jumped at the chance. A black town car with red pin striping was especially built for Jolson with a white-piped red mohair interior that included a radio and a golf bag compartment. Inskip’s gamble apparently paid off and a number of other New York celebrities ordered new Brewsters. Town car owners included Jolson, Edsel Ford, Cole Porter, Vincent Astor, Lily Pons and Gertrude Lawrence. Bandleader Fred Waring and comedian Victor Moore each owned one of the 12 Brewster convertible sedans that were built, and Al Jolson, the car's biggest fan, ordered one of the even rarer convertible coupes - only 8 were built. A one-off Brewster woodie wagon was also built but not by Brewster, it was re-bodied by a subsequent owner and started life as a town car.

Brewster historians have a hard time accounting for the 300 Brewsters that Inksip claims to have built between 1934 and1936. Ford records indicate that 135 V-8 cowl and chassis were shipped to Brewster. If you add the handful that were built on other chassis, that gives a grand total of about 140 Brewsters, slightly less than half of the 300 claimed by Inskip. According to the Brewster Car Society 39 exist today, and most of those have been lovingly restored. 

According to Inskip, the Brewster venture initially proved profitable, but after continued mounting losses, the firms directors and bondholders insisted on closing down the firm, so in July of 1935, bankruptcy proceeding were instituted in the New York District Court. The receiver, Victor R. Tyler, found that reorganization would be impossible, and in June of 1936, Federal Judge H.W. Goddard ordered that the firm be liquidated. The posh East 57th St showroom was abandoned in August and the Springfield Manufacturing Corp. and its wholly-owned Brewster subsidiary were purchased by Michigan’s notorious Dallas E. Winslow. Winslow and Co. specialized in buying bankrupt manufacturing and automobile companies. He had just purchased Pierce-Arrow and had also liquidated Syracuse, New York’s Franklin a few years earlier. The sale to Winslow produced enough money to give Springfield’s bondholders 20 cents on the dollar, but owners of common stock were far less fortunate and received next to nothing.

Winslow reorganized the firm as Brewster and Company Inc., and leased the former service depot from the Brewster family. The former New York City Pierce-Arrow service depot had been located right next door, and he consolidated the Rolls-Royce and Pierce Arrow service operations in the Brewster building. However, Winslow soon realized he had bought not one, but two dinosaurs, and held an auction on August 18th, of the following year to get rid of them. At the auction, John S. Inskip was the successful high bidder on most of the remaining Rolls Royce parts inventory, and also purchased a number of Rolls-Royce chassis and Brewster bodies.

Inskip had managed to obtain the New York distributorship for Rolls-Royce and leased the former Rolls-Royce Long Island City repair depot and body shop from the Brewster family, giving a number of former Rolls-Royce and Brewster employees a much-needed job.

Most of the cars Inskip imported at that time were equipped with British or French coachwork but he did build a handful of Inskip-badged bodies on Phantom III and Wraith chassis. A small batch of Packards were also sold by Inskip prior to WWII that were fitted with a combination of leftover Brewster bodies, plus a few new ones built to order.  

Cartoonist Peter S. Arno’s 1939 Albatross prototype was built in Inskip’s Long Island City body shop. The 1939 Mercury chassis was a stretched to 137” and Inskip fashioned a body to Arno’s design that looked like a 540 K Mercedes similar to those made by Erdman and Rossi.

In a 1960 letter to Keith Marvin, Inskip took credit for most of his firm’s designs, but it is much more likely they were designed by either Carl Beck or Charles H. Willmore who continued to work for him at J.S. Inskip Inc. Hugo Pfau claims that R. L. Stickney designed some of them as well, which is plausible as Stickney worked for industrial designer Henry Dreyfus and is known to have produced a number of free-lance body designs during this period. Willmore was in charge of the Inskip body shop which remained in the old Brewster building until 1942 when it was relocated to 327 East 64th St. After the war ended Inskip moved the service operation across the street to 304 East 64th St and opened a new Rolls-Royce showroom at 24 East 54th St.

G.N. Georgano, the British automotive historian wrote:

"These premises (304 East 64th St.) became a mecca for Rolls-Royce enthusiasts in the postwar era for the cars were now attracting a new class of owner, mostly young and not very rich, who loved cars as pieces of fine machinery."

For a brief period after the war they built a few special custom bodies on the Silver Wraith chassis that were most likely designed by either Carl Beck or Willmore, both of whom worked for Inskip for a number of years.  In fact, Willmore became manager of Inskip’s Manhattan showroom where he sold Rolls-Royce, Bentley, Aston-Martin, Riley and MG automobiles. Inskip opened additional sales office in Providence, Rhode Island and West Palm Beach, Florida during the 1950s. He also marketed a 4-place MG TD during the 1950s that featured a lengthened wheelbase. When Inskip passed away in 1961, Willmore went to work for a Volvo dealer near his home and continued to sell automobiles until he passed away in 1974. Inskip’s son-in-law, George Jessop, took over the New York City operation, and closed down the 54th St showroom, consolidating operations at 64th St. Inskip stopped handling Rolls-Royce cars in 1967.   

Rolls-Royce historians estimate that at least 425 Rolls-Royce chassis were fitted with Brewster bodies between 1914 and 1937, and a surprising number (close to 200) remain in the hands of museums and collectors. An equally astounding number (52) of Brewster-badged automobile exist as well, 13 of the first series (1915-1925) and 39 of the second (1934-1936). 

Inskip's Rhode Island dealership is still in business, although it no longer handles the marque. Currently owned by Roger Penske, Inskip's Warwick AutoMall sells Acura, Audi, Bentley, BMW, Infiniti, Lexus, Maserati, Mercedes-Benz, Porsche and Volvo. See for more information.

© 2004 Mark Theobald -







Keith Marvin - Outside Inskip's - The Flying Lady, pp 3415, issue 3, 1987

Hugo Pfau - Brewster Pt 1 - Cars & Parts, June 1971

Hugo Pfau - Brewster Pt 2 - Cars & Parts, July 1971

Hugo Pfau - Brewster Notes - Cars & Parts, August 1971

Francis Nunan Howard - Brewster and Company Part 2: Rolls-Royce Era - Flying Lady, pp 660, issue 3, 1963

Francis Nunan Howard - Brewster and Company Part 1: Early History - Flying Lady, pp 648, issue 2, 1963

Francis Nunan Howard - Brewster and Company – the Classic Car, Spring 1964

Gerald A. Rolph - Brewster & Company – Antique Automobile Jul-Aug 1972

The Brewster-Knight – Special Interest Auto #104, April 1988

Michael Lamm - Brewster - Special Interest Auto #152 March/April 1996

Arch Brown - 1934 Brewster: Have A Heart! - Special Interest Auto #104, April 1988

Keith Marvin - The Classic Era Brewster Ford: Coachbuilt Luxury and Assembly Line Economy – Best of Old Cars Weekly, Vol. 3

S.P. House - Al Jolson and His Brewster Ford – Best of Old Car Weekly Vol. 5

Jim Mass - Fall From Grace: The Brewster Aeronautical Corporation, 1932-42 - AAHS Journal, Summer 1985

Keith Marvin - Brewster's Last Stand - The Classic Car, Winter 1965

Keith Marvin - Brewster's Last Stand - Upper Hudson Valley Automobilist, April 1960

Keith Marvin - Inskip's Brewster by Brewster's Inskip: A Memoir – The Classic Car, December 1990

Automobile Trade Journal, March 1934

Automotive Industries, February 24, 1934

Beverly Rae Kimes - Brewster - Automobile Quarterly, Vol. VII, No. 3

Dennis Adler - 1940 Brewster Series 90 Town Car - Car Collector, Feb 1996

Arthur W. Soutter - The American Rolls-Royce

John Webb De Campi - Rolls-Royce in America

Colonel Paul Downing & Harrison Kinney - Builders for the Carriage Trade - American Heritage Magazine, August 1956

1862 Lawrence, Bradley & Pardee Catalog (1998 reprint)

William McDonald, & John E. Searles – the Life of John S. Inskip

Kenneth Brown - Inskip, McDonald, Fowler: Wholly and Forever Thine

Lawrence Dalton - Coachwork on Rolls-Royce 1906-1939

G.N. Georgano - The Classic Rolls-Royce

Hugo Pfau - The Custom Body Era

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