The Streamline Corporation (1931-1938) of New York was an
American firm formed by Paul Jaray to monitor and license his aerodynamic
patents in the United States. Chrysler used Jaray patents on their Chrysler
and DeSoto Airflows of 1934-1936.
Paul Jaray (1889-1974) - not an American, however his
designs and patents were used by Chrysler on the Chrysler and DeSoto
Airflows of 1934-1936. Both Ford and Briggs also produced bodies that were
obviously influenced by the Jaray patents (Zephyr) although I don't know if
they ever licensed them legally.
Hungarian, born in Vienna, he pioneered aerodynamism in the first part of the twentieth century. He
designed the new generation of Zeppelins with a tear drop shape instead of the long narrow cylinder of the first
With Zeppelin he experimented on automobiles bodies in a wind tunnel and, later on, designed special bodies for
Benz, Adler, Hanomag, Maybach, Audi.... The Tatras 77 and 87 were his only automobiles with a success
story and apparently he was not involved with the Volkswagen or Mercedes 170 H which followed his patents.
Anyhow, Chrysler for the Airflow and Peugeot for the 402 were obliged to pay royalties to Paul Jaray. In
the late twenties he left for Switzerland et created his own consulting Company STROMLINEN KAROSSERIE GES. In Zurich
Jaray, Paul, * 11. 3. 1889 Vienna, † 22. 9. 1974 St. Gallen (Switzerland), technicians. Went
soon to his study into Vienna and Prague to Germany, where he was 1913/14 airplane technical designer and 1914-23
the Zeppelin airships LZ sketched 38 to LZ 126. he built a wind tunnel for 1919 for zeppelin and concerned
themselves then for many decades with questions in this connection,
in particular regarding streamlined automobiles. From 1923 to his death lived
Jaray in Switzerland.
Substantial one It had influence also on the development of the bicycle in the 20's.
Airships as model for streamline automobiles
The Ley T6 from a Thueringer engine works
By Alfred Waldis *
". . . On the conditions of the Dixi works we find one of the most remarkable and most interesting objectobject
objects of the exhibition: a streamline car in light-blue lacquer, on 6/24-PS-Dixi chassis. The streamline car, an
invention of the Friedrichshafener of engineer Jaray, is to reduce air resistance to a minimum and prevent at the
same time the annoying Staubaufquirlen behind the vehicle. Provisionally we still regard the vehicle as a kind
Unikum - perhaps soon it will belong to the everyday features in the road life. . was to be read in the "citizens of
Berlin stock exchange newspaper" from 29 September 1923. Introduced the development of streamline automobiles two
years before, as Paul Jaray (1889-1974) was drafts for an aerodynamically arranged small car prepared and it Rudolf
Ley of engine works Arnstadt in Thuringia submitted. Ley, admits one of its models for the Loreley car built by its
work, recognized the economic advantages and provided 1922 with the body sketched by Jaray. This first streamline
automobile, the Ley T6, equipped with a four-cylinder engine of 1530 cm3 capacity and 20 HP of achievement, reached
the speed of 100 km/h, while it brought a conventional car motorized equivalent on 70 to 75 km/h. With retardation
tests in the no-load operation the advantages were particularly descriptive: The streamline car came after 1029 m to
standing, the normal model already to 763 m. the fuel economy amounted to approximately 30 per cent. Ley built
racing car, which obtained a top speed of 130 km/h on a same chassis still another.
Improves economy as a goal
At the same time - 1923 - the Dixi of automobile works in iron oh their four-cylinder cars of the type 6/24
disguised, the AUDI works in Zwickau their k-model with a streamline body of Jaray. Despite the propaganda travels
and the obvious advantages the streamline automobile was not able itself to intersperse yet, because it did not
correspond to aesthetic feeling of the autobuyers at that time and in addition as one-off production was too
a "eliminating or arrange streamlined" read the demand of Paul Jaray, who since 1912 at the aircraft construction
had been concerned AG in Friedrichshafen with the aerodynamic shaping of aircraft. With the outbreak of the First
World War he came to the Zeppelin works, where he was responsible for all airships as an upper engineer up to its
way course in the year 1923 for the projects and design documents. The increase of economy formed one of its
principal purposes; he saw the most important means in addition in the reduction of air resistance. Its computations
as well as the results of windkanalversuchen led to more favorable aerodynamic solutions and thus to larger
efficiency of the airships.
After end of war the wind tunnel built by him became free with the Zeppelin works for other purposes. Jaray turned
now to the automobile. It continued its investigations, for the time being with wind current measurements for an
airship hangar, then at automobile models. In the autumn 1920 the first sketches for an economical small car
developed: these formed the basis for its streamline car, for that, like it in the patent application are called,
"by it displaced air essentially upward, over its backs away divert and them in the back again as troublefree as
possible down-led to the soil". However still another one decade passed, until considerable automobile companies
began to be interested in the streamline form. To it changed conditions with the construction of vehicles - the
earlier chassis were too high and therefore for an aerodynamically clean form little suitably - as well as the
motorways in Germany under construction, which permitted larger speeds, contributed. Beginning of the thirties
increase streamline cars emerged, from the simple two-seater to the luxurioesen eight-cylinder as, in order to call
some examples, eagles triumph, BMW, DKW, Fiat, Hanomag, Hansa, OPEL, Steyr, Mercedes and Maybach as well as racing
car and buses. It mostly concerned only few copies; Streamline cars in series with bodies of Jaray placed only the
act RA works in Prague ago 1934 appeared the type 77, an eight-cylinder with a maximum speed of 150 km/h, briefly
thereafter until 1950 the type 87 built in 3000 pieces; both types as well as the successor 97 rank among the
remarkable objects of the automobile collection of the traffic exhibition in Luzern.
Many patents - little yield
Jaray had submitted patent during years for to be on 8 September 1921 in Berlin to fight. Objections as well as
additions had the consequence that the request attained validity in law only on 25 January 1927. In the meantime it
received besides numerous patents of amendment for subsections. 1933 were created in Luzern the "corporation for
traffic patents AVP". Paul Jaray, who had established itself ten years before in Switzerland, led the management.
The AVP took over all Jaray patents; the keeping of the rights in the USA and Canada had been already transferred
1931 the "Jaray Streamline corporation" into New York. The royalties furnished only small yield; 1937 were dissolved
the AG for traffic patents. Jaray turned to other activity areas, among other things the aircraft construction; it
died 1974 in pc. Gallen. Jaray had set up, beside the fundamental work with the building of airships, as the first a
theory for the fluid engineering of ground-based vehicles and with the construction of the first streamline car an
important contribution for the development of the automobile had carried out.
* The author is joint founder and first director of the traffic exhibition in Luzern.