VEC - Vehicle Equipment Co. - 1901-1905 - Brooklyn, New York - 1905-1906 - Long Island City, New York (later General Vehicle Co. 1906-1917)


This was one of the most important early builders of electric vehicles in America, making many of the sight­seeing 'rubberneck' buses which plied in New York, Washington and other cities. Other products included ambulances, brewery trucks, tipping coal trucks and special vehicles for lifting safes to the upper stories of office buildings, handling' machinery and withdrawing telephone cables from underground conduits. In 1906 the name was changed to General Vehicle Company, and the products to G.V.


The Vehicle Equipment Co. of Long Island City NY produced a large number of commercial-purpose electric vehicles (e.g. delivery trucks) from 1901 to 1906. They produced a 3-seater electric car, the V.E. Electric, from 1903 to 1905. Most, if not all, vehicles were shaft-drive. Vehicle types produced included broughams, victorias, hansoms, landaulets, and commercial vehicles include trucks and sightseeing buses. The factory burned in 1904, and was rebuilt. The company went into receivership in 1906, and was resurrected after reorganization as the General Vehicle Company.


General Vehicle Company 1906-1917?? Long Island City, N. Y. (Subsidiary of the General Electric Company?)

Known electric vehicle builder (GV Electric) who also built buses and funeral vehicles in the early part of the 20th century.

Day Baker of General Vehicle Co. Will Discuss Electric Vehicles at MIT Union. (1914)
The next Electrical Engineering Society meeting will be held next Friday evening in the Union. The speaker will be Mr. Day Baker, the New England superintendent of the General Vehicle Company. As an appropriate subject for the occasion, Mr. Baker will discuss Electric Vehicles.

In the first two decades of the 20th century, Long Island City was a hub of industrial activity, and the news that the government had taken over two of its largest plants was greeted with interest. The Stewart-Warner Speedometer Company on Jackson Avenue and the General Vehicle Company on Borden Avenue were to be used to manufacture materials needed for war supplies and it was anticipated that other plants would follow. (1917 article)

IN 1914 The French-designed Gnome rotary engine was built under license by the General Vehicle Company in Long Island City, New York, and was used in Cole Palen's first Fokker triplane until a cylinder departed the engine in mid-flight. 

The US Army purchased a number of Peerless trucks. They were well liked by the Army. When WW1 broke out, England purchased 12,000 Peerless Truck Chassis and used them in the war, suppling the Army's in Europe. Peerless changed the corporate name to Peerless Truck and Motor Car Company in the teens. This was a result of a stock take-over that took place in 1915. The General Vehicle Company from Long Island was involved with this.

Kenneth J. Boedecker began his engine career in 1914, working in the Long Island shops of a General Electric subsidiary called General Vehicle Company


    For more information please read:

The Professional Car (Quarterly Journal of the Professional Car Society)

Gregg D. Merksamer - Professional Cars: Ambulances, Funeral Cars and Flower Cars

Thomas A. McPherson - American Funeral Cars & Ambulances Since 1900

Carriage Museum of America - Horse-Drawn Funeral Vehicles: 19th Century Funerals

Carriage Museum of America -  Horse Drawn - Military, Civilian, Veterinary - Ambulances

Gunter-Michael Koch - Bestattungswagen im Wandel der Zeit

Walt McCall & Tom McPherson - Classic American Ambulances 1900-1979: Photo Archive

Walt McCall & Tom McPherson - Classic American Funeral Vehicles 1900-1980 Photo Archive

Walter M. P. McCall - The American Ambulance 1900-2002

Walter M.P. McCall - American Funeral Vehicles 1883-2003

Michael L. Bromley & Tom Mazza - Stretching It: The Story of the Limousine

Richard J. Conjalka - Classic American Limousines: 1955 Through 2000 Photo Archive

Richard J. Conjalka - Stretch Limousines 1928-2001 Photo Archive

Thomas A. McPherson - Eureka: The Eureka Company: a complete history

Thomas A. McPherson - Superior: The complete history

Thomas A. McPherson - Flxible: The Complete History

Thomas A. McPherson - Miller-Meteor: The Complete History

Hearses - Automobile Quarterly Vol 36 No 3

Marian Suman-Hreblay - Dictionary of World Coachbuilders and Car Stylists

Daniel D. Hutchins - Wheels Across America: Carriage Art & Craftsmanship

Marian Suman-Hreblay - Dictionary of World Coachbuilders and Car Stylists

Michael Lamm and Dave Holls - A Century of Automotive Style: 100 Years of American Car Design

Nick Georgano - The Beaulieu Encyclopedia of the Automobile: Coachbuilding

Marian Suman-Hreblay - Automobile Manufacturers Worldwide Registry

G.N. Georgano & G. Marshall Naul - The Complete Encyclopedia of Commercial Vehicles

Albert Mroz - Illustrated Encyclopedia of American Trucks & Commercial Vehicles

Beverly Rae Kimes & Henry Austin Clark Jr. - Standard Catalog of American Cars 1805-1942

John Gunnell - Standard Catalog of American Cars, 1946-1975

James M. Flammang & Ron Kowalke - Standard Catalog of American Cars, 1976-1999

Ed Strauss & Karen Strauss - The Bus World Encyclopedia of Buses

Donald F. Wood - American Buses

Denis Miller - The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Trucks and Buses

Susan Meikle Mandell - A Historical Survey of Transit Buses in the United States

David Jacobs - American Buses, Greyhound, Trailways and Urban Transportation

William A. Luke & Linda L. Metler - Highway Buses of the 20th Century: A Photo Gallery 

William A. Luke & Brian Grams - Buses of Motorcoach Industries 1932-2000 Photo Archive

William A. Luke - Greyhound Buses 1914-2000 Photo Archive

William A. Luke - Prevost Buses 1924-2002 Photo Archive

William A. Luke - Flxible Intercity Buses 1924-1970 Photo Archive

William A. Luke - Buses of ACF Photo Archive (including ACF-Brill & CCF-Brill)

William A. Luke - Trailways Buses 1936-2001 Photo Archive

William A. Luke - Fageol & Twin Coach Buses 1922-1956 Photo Archive

William A. Luke - Yellow Coach Buses 1923 Through 1943: Photo Archive

William A. Luke - Trolley Buses: 1913 Through 2001 Photo Archive

Harvey Eckart - Mack Buses: 1900 Through 1960 Photo Archive

Brian Grams & Andrew Gold - GM Intercity Coaches 1944-1980 Photo Archive

Robert R. Ebert  - Flxible: A History of the Bus and the Company

John McKane - Flxible Transit Buses: 1953 Through 1995 Photo Archive

Bill Vossler - Cars, Trucks and Buses Made by Tractor Companies

Lyndon W Rowe - Municipal buses of the 1960s

Edward S. Kaminsky - American Car & Foundry Company 1899-1999

Dylan Frautschi - Greyhound in Postcards: Buses, Depots and Post Houses


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