Northern Pump Co. - FMC - 1920s-1941 - Minneapolis, Minnesota - & 1941-present - Fridley, Minnesota


Known body builder on Cadillac and LaSalle chassis.

The Northern Pump Company operated the facility from 1942, until FMC purchased a subsidiary of Northern in 1964.

From 1984 to 1987, Mr. Hecker was the Controller of Northern Pump Company, Minneapolis, Minnesota, a multi-state operating oil and gas company with more than 300 properties,

Northern Pump, Div. Of McNally Industries, LLC still in business in Fridley, Minnesota


Northern Pump Co. built rotary gear water pumps for fire engines in the 1930s.

1933 Northern Pump Company Gas Powered irrigation pumps


From the early 1950s to the early 1970s, FMC, formerly Northern Pump Co., disposed of hazardous wastes


Northern built Yo-Yo Rig portable well drills, precision ordnance machinery (guns) and parts for submarines during WWII.

Called a yo-yo rig because a sheave (wheel or pulley) to which the drilling cable is  attached travels up and down much like the motion of a yo-yo played by a youngster.  John B. Hawley, Jr., a Minneapolis engineer, gunmaker and defense contractor, designed this spudding type cable tool machine and put it to use in 1944, a war year.  Hawley's company was called Northern Ordnance.  Albert "Slick" Spence, Hawley's drilling contractor from the Pleasantville, Pennsylvania, area, assisted in this effort.  Hawley and Spence were a good team and, as Hawley put it, the way to get something done "was to break every rule in the book".  That sounds like an oilman talking!  According to the Oilfield Barker (1994) "Slick" Spence was hospitalized during part of the rig's construction in Minneapolis, but reviewed all of the final drawings which were brought to him in his hospital room by the project engineers.

Northern Ordnance via the Northern Pump Co. built 50 yo-yo rigs in Minneapolis in about a month's time.  Being a World War II project it was a rush-rush job.  Hawley used surplus materials and based the rig's design partly on the Cyclone drilling rigs of Orrville, Ohio.  Hawley (as Northern Ordnance) had leases in several states including  Pennsylvania.  Some of those Pennsylvania leases were in Oil Creek Valley.  Hawley shipped yo-yo rigs to Titusville, Pennsylvania, and then used bulldozers to get them over rugged terrain to the leases.  Northern Ordnance was counting on re-pressuring the shallow oil sands and using the old wells whenever he could (some dating to the 1860's).  The yo-yo rigs were busy drilling pressure holes, new production wells and cleaning or working over old wells.  Hawley even started an oil mine on the east flank of Oil Creek Valley but gave up when the economics went haywire.



For more information please read:

Beverly Rae Kimes - The Classic Car

Beverly Rae Kimes - The Classic Era

Beverly Rae Kimes - Packard: A History of the Motorcar and Company

Beverly Rae Kimes & Henry Austin Clark Jr. - Standard Catalog of American Cars 1805-1942

Richard Burns Carson - The Olympian Cars

Raymond A. Katzell - The Splendid Stutz

Marc Ralston - Pierce Arrow

Brooks T. Brierley - There Is No Mistaking a Pierce Arrow

Brooks T. Brierley - Auburn, Reo, Franklin and Pierce-Arrow Versus Cadillac, Chrysler, Lincoln and Packard

Brooks T. Brierley - Magic Motors 1930

Nick Georgano - The Beaulieu Encyclopedia of the Automobile: Coachbuilding

John Gunnell - Standard Catalog of American Cars, 1946-1975

James M. Flammang & Ron Kowalke - Standard Catalog of American Cars, 1976-1999

Daniel D. Hutchins - Wheels Across America: Carriage Art & Craftsmanship

Marian Suman-Hreblay - Dictionary of World Coachbuilders and Car Stylists

Michael Lamm and Dave Holls - A Century of Automotive Style: 100 Years of American Car Design

Thomas E. Bonsall - The Lincoln Motorcar: Sixty Years of Excellence

Fred Roe - Duesenberg: The Pursuit of Perfection

Arthur W. Soutter - The American Rolls-Royce

John Webb De Campi - Rolls-Royce in America

Hugo Pfau - The Custom Body Era

Hugo Pfau - The Coachbult Packard

Griffith Borgeson - Cord: His Empire His Motor Cars

Don Butler - Auburn Cord Duesenberg

George H. Dammann - 90 Years of Ford

George H. Dammann & James K. Wagner - The Cars of Lincoln-Mercury

Thomas A. MacPherson - The Dodge Story

F. Donald Butler - Plymouth-Desoto Story

Fred Crismon - International Trucks

George H. Dammann - Seventy Years of Chrysler

Walter M.P. McCall - 80 Years of Cadillac LaSalle

Maurice D. Hendry - Cadillac, Standard of the World: The complete seventy-year history

George H. Dammann & James A. Wren - Packard

Dennis Casteele - The Cars of Oldsmobile

Terry B. Dunham & Lawrence R. Gustin - Buick: A Complete History

George H. Dammann - Seventy Years of Buick

George H. Dammann - 75 Years of Chevrolet

John Gunnell - Seventy-Five Years of Pontiac-Oakland


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