AM General - 1974-present - Wayne, Michigan - Mishiwaka, Indiana - Marshall, Texas

AMG transit buses

by John Veerkamp

AMG, 1974-1979

Externally virtually indistinguishable from the Flyer buses are the US built AMG (American Motors General) buses, which is the reason why they are treated under this chapter. AMG only produced buses from 1974 to 1979 but had considerable success, delivering 5,212 diesel buses and 219 trolley buses of the same model. In addition, AMG finished 410 articulated coaches under a contract with MAN from Germany in 1978-1979 and built 4 diesel prototypes.

AMG was never a bus builder, but was interested in large (federal) contracts. AMG had been invited to participate in the construction of prototypes for the 1970's "Transbus" project, together with GM and Rohr Industries. As the models were being tested, AMG wanted to assure that it would have the capacity to participate in possible future acquisitions. It turned to Flyer of Canada for collaboration. Flyer's production was aimed at Canada as the "buy America" policy prevented it from entering the US market without finishing the vehicles in the US. There thus was a mutual interest. Flyer delivered a D700 prototype to AMG, which AMG set out to redesign, resulting in larger, rectangular windows and a redesigned front end. Flyer then started using this model to replace the 700-series and called it the D800. The AMG was built in 3 series, with some minor external differences, and in four variations: 96" or 102" wide and 35 ft or 40 ft long. These were called 9635, 10235, 9640 and 10240. The second series received an A suffix and the third series a B suffix. The B series, introduced in 1976, had a rounded instead of a pointed rear roofline and was called the "Metropolitan". By the end of the 1970's the Transbus project was cancelled and AMG pulled out of the bus business. After finalizing the last diesel buses, it built the 219 trolley buses for Seattle and Philadelphia in 1978-1979, and it entered into a contract with MAN for the production of MAN articulated buses in 1978-1979. AMG looked for other lucrative contracts and became the builder of the famous Hummer vehicle.


  • New Flyer website (
  • Encyclopedia of Buses by Ed Stauss, 1987


AM GENERAL (US) 1974 to date

AM General Corp., Wayne, Mich. (plant at Mishawaka, Ind.)

AM General is a new name for the Kaiser Jeep Corp., a manufacturer of military and post office trucks (using former Studebaker plants); which was purchased by American Motors in 1970. Two years later the decision was made to enter the heavy-duty city transit bus business, then divided between GM and Flxible, and arrangements were made with Flyer Industries of Winnipeg for the supply of assembled body shells. Air­ conditioning was added, the window arrangement was changed, and Flyer's in line engine placement using a Spicer transmission was given up in favor of transverse engines (Detroit Diesel 6V-71 or 8V-71) with Allison transmissions as on the competing GM and Flxible buses. The initial order was placed by the new metropolitan-area transit system serving. Washington and called for 620 buses; approximately 2250 vehicles had been delivered by the end of 1975. AM General buses are offered in 35-and 40-foot lengths, 96-and 102-inch widths with most specifications generally similar to those of GM and Flxible. All sales to date have involved 80 per cent federal funding, under whose terms contracts are made with the lowest bidder and according to which specifications so written as to prevent qualified firms from bidding are illegal. During 1976, AM General was the successful bidder on several interesting contracts for deliveries in 1978-79. A total of 398 articulated buses were to be constructed for 11 different operators; M.A.N. would make the basic shells and engines, which would be ship­ped to AM General's fabrication plant in Marshall, Texas, for finishing. To be built in both 55-foot and 60-foot lengths and 102 inches wide, tapering at the rear, these are the first true articulated transit buses ever used in the U.S. Also, 219 trolley-coaches are to be built for Seattle (109) and Philadelphia (110), replacing vehicles placed in service between 1940 and 1955. AM General also make 5­ton 6 x 6 trucks for the U.S. and ether armed forces, though recent trucks sold under the AM General name have been made for them by the Crane Carrier Corp. The Mishawaka plant closed in June 1978, all production being transferred to Marshall, Texas.



For more information please read:

Ed Strauss & Karen Strauss - The Bus World Encyclopedia of Buses

G.N. Georgano & G. Marshall Naul - The Complete Encyclopedia of Commercial Vehicles

Albert Mroz - Illustrated Encyclopedia of American Trucks & Commercial Vehicles

Donald F. Wood - American Buses

Denis Miller - The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Trucks and Buses

Susan Meikle Mandell - A Historical Survey of Transit Buses in the United States

David Jacobs - American Buses, Greyhound, Trailways and Urban Transportation

William A. Luke & Linda L. Metler - Highway Buses of the 20th Century: A Photo Gallery 

William A. Luke & Brian Grams - Buses of Motorcoach Industries 1932-2000 Photo Archive

William A. Luke - Greyhound Buses 1914-2000 Photo Archive

William A. Luke - Prevost Buses 1924-2002 Photo Archive

William A. Luke - Flxible Intercity Buses 1924-1970 Photo Archive

William A. Luke - Buses of ACF Photo Archive (including ACF-Brill & CCF-Brill)

William A. Luke - Trailways Buses 1936-2001 Photo Archive

William A. Luke - Fageol & Twin Coach Buses 1922-1956 Photo Archive

William A. Luke - Yellow Coach Buses 1923 Through 1943: Photo Archive

William A. Luke - Trolley Buses: 1913 Through 2001 Photo Archive

Harvey Eckart - Mack Buses: 1900 Through 1960 Photo Archive

Brian Grams & Andrew Gold - GM Intercity Coaches 1944-1980 Photo Archive

Robert R. Ebert  - Flxible: A History of the Bus and the Company

John McKane - Flxible Transit Buses: 1953 Through 1995 Photo Archive

Bill Vossler - Cars, Trucks and Buses Made by Tractor Companies

Lyndon W Rowe - Municipal buses of the 1960s

Edward S. Kaminsky - American Car & Foundry Company 1899-1999

Dylan Frautschi - Greyhound in Postcards: Buses, Depots and Post Houses


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